Prevention of new HIV infections is far behind the rest of the world. Some 1.7 million people were newly infected with the virus, more than three times the global target. In eastern and southern Africa, new HIV infections have decreased by 38% since 2010. The Seizing the Moment report shows unequal progress, leaving behind vulnerable people and populations. Infected key populations and their sexual partners, such as gay men and men who have sex with men, sex workers, drug users and people in prison, accounted for 62% of new HIV infections.
COVID-19 risks are blowing HIV progress way off course because it fails to address deeply unequal success in African countries. Failure to reach the 2020 targets, resulted in 3.5 million more HIV infections, and 820 000 more deaths were reported since 2015. In addition, severe disruption to HIV services due to the COVID-19 pandemic could further set back the response ten years or more.